Simon Steinsbø, Gards- og
ættesoge, Sveio, Band II.
Skulekrinsane Bue, Vikse, Vandaskog og Sveio. 1987
by Kari Bergeson©
Farm # 48
farms are located in the
north end of old Sveio village. The farms share borders in the east
with Auklandshamn (hamn=port), in the
south with Åsbu and Lokna, in the
Lokna and the northwest with the Bømlafjorden.
is probably one of the oldest farms on this side of the village and the
gravestones also indicate this. At
Tjernagel there is a gravestone which is 6 meters in diameter and .5 m
high. 150 meters southwest of this is a
gravestone of the same size. 30
meters east+southeast of the first gravestone is a gravestone that is
diameter. West of the farm is
”Tjernaglehaugen,” a big gravestone about 17m in diameter and 1.5m high. A flagstone that lies next to it stood
as a lookout at Tjernagel. A
dwelling and a flint-arrow were found at Hamnedalen (dalen=the valley),
these were from a time long before there were permanent dwellings at
A silver armring was found in a rift near the house at Losaneset. It is from the younger iron age.
to legend, Tjernagel and Kvalvåg were the oldest farms in Sveio.
Tjernagel there is a cove called Likvikjo. They
came here from the farms around and decided to await
good weather so they could cross over the fjord to Moster. This must
occured a very long time ago.
oldest name, Hiarnagli, suggests Sverdnagle, and was likely the
has been written many ways. As
folowsØ Hiarnagli in Fornmanna and
Flateyarbok. In 1599: Ternagell, 1645:
Thiernagell, 1647: Tiørnagell.....-àThe
farm name is now written Tjernagel, north,
also called Nore Kjærnagl.
In 1647, land tax on Tjernagel,
north, was ½ l. butter and 1 goat hide. One
time before 1661 the land tax was increased to 2 lbs.
butter and I skin. The reason for
this is probably because the land was better cultivated.
This tax remained unchanged later.
Tax was set at 4 lbs.
6 mrk. (unsure what
this measurement translates to), which was even higher than land tax
in 1723 it was 6 mrk. Butter and this tax
unchanged til 1838, when it changed to 5 dalar (again, unsure of measurement translation)
schillings. In 1890 it was changed
to 7.59 schilings.
In 1688 this was said
- K: this
part is beyond me. I know the quote
contains information about fish (herring and mackerel) and a mill, but
I can’t make out the translation.
In 1723 Tjernagel was not a
cotter’s farm, nor was there a mill. The
land was good for grain production.
In 1802 the farm was
surrounded by yard, not forest. Just some wood for
burning. A cotter’s farm
was then arranged.
In 1866 the farm had
33 2/3 unit acres cultivate
pasture. Of that 9 units were
good, 16 1/2 units mediocre, and 8 ½ units were poor. 144 ½ units naturally pasture,
of which 27 units were good, 70 units mediocre and 47 ½ units
poor. There were 14 units cultivated
ground. The yard was big enough
for half the cattle. There was not
enough burning wood, as most of it was roots and peat. Some seaweed was
supplement. The farm was lightly
used and was in mediocre condition for cultivation.
The rights and
privileges that fell to Tjernagel, north were
small. In 1661 there was a bay,
but in 1723 it wasn’t named and the fish must have been inconsistent. The property extended a little further
another year. In 1907 there was a
commission’s agreement about the division of land.
They agreed to split it according to taxes. The mill was there occasionally (K: I don’t understand what this means, but
occasionally is the only meaning of the word ‘studevis’) but the
probably small. Heather flowers
and seaweed were found.
No one knows where
the house stood when the first farmer
lived at Tjernagel.
at Tjernagel north and
south: 2 horses, 29 cattle
15 cattle, 18 sheep and goats
12 cattle, 9 sheep
19 cattle, 24 sheep
½ horses (?), 27 cattle, 94 sheep
SEEDS and YIELDS: (note: I don’t
the measurement “t.” means)
Seeds: 3 tinder,
Yield: 12 t.
t. oats, Yield: 19 t.
t. oats, ½ t. potatoes, Yield: 39 t. oats, 5 t. potatoes
2/3 t. oats, 14 t. potatoes, Yield: 104 t. oats, 62 t. potatoes, 95 shippounds high, 69 ½ shippounds
(K: not sure about these shippounds)
Tjernagel farms were
Lyse monastery property until
the farmers bought it. Farmer
1 in 1980, 2
in 1876, 3 in 1874, 4 in 1894 and 5 in 1875.
Later the farmers owned the property.
There have been
people at Tjernagel
since time immemorial, but it is unknown who all has lived there. I don’t have records from Lyse
monastery from 1519-1563, 1567 and 1590. The
first man named is:
- Nils Monsson
lived here before 1594. He exchanged with Sigurd Torsteinson
who lived on a Halsnøy monestary farm. They
had exchanged letters. Sigurd had gotten
the lease from the tax collector of the Lyse monastery, Herluf
Lauritsen, and the exchange was confirmed by the feudal lord at
Bergenhus. Under the auspic e of Mikkel
Eskildsen, tax collector, Sigurd had promised Nils he could use
Halsnøy monastery, but after he moved, the tax collector had
neglected to lease it to Nils, who then could not use it.
The incident went before the council of Nobles
in 1599, who ruled that Sigurd should have Tjernagel and Nils had to
call a sumons at Halsnøy if he suffered injustice
- Sigurd Torsteinson farmed Tjernagel north, but it is
unknown for how long.
- Ola was operator of farm of the farm around 1630 to 1663. His wife was named Marta.
They had 3 daughters, whose names are unknown. One of them was married to Ulvaråker.
raised 1 horse and 20 cattle. He
was a juror.
- Klement was operator of farm of the farm in 1666 til
after 1692. The last years with Peder
Torbjørnson. In 1690 they were
summoned for payment by the assembly, but noone showed up and the
incident was postponed. Klement had 1 son,
- Peder Torbjørnson Kvalvåg leased half the
farm in 1689. He died before 1696. Married to Marta Hansdatter Straumøy. Kids: a. Ola, b. Hans Lunde, Stord. C. Haldis,
married to Kvalvåg. Marta later
married Albert P. Brokenes.
- Tomas Simonson Rymarbeid, Fitjar (township in
Hordaland), came to Tjernagel before 1701. He
was operator of farm til 1734. He was 39
years old in 1701 and it was then said that he was prosperous. He married Barbru Mattiasdatter.
Barbru died, Tomas moved back to Rymarbeid and died there in 1748. He was in charge of the small military
outpost. He owned a share of
- Lars Johannesson Raunholm, north, Fitjar, died in 1765. He was the nephew of the previous owner, Tomas
Alke Nilsdatter. Spissøy, Bømlo (location), died 77 years old in
1780. Kids: a.
Johannes born 1732, died 1751. b. Mari born 1735,
married Tjernagel, north. C. Gunhild born 1737, died 1751.
e. Nils and Brita, born 1740.
Brita died 1751. f.
Brita born 1741. g. Nils born 1744 died 1770. h.
Alke born 1747 died 1750. i. Gunhild born 1751.
Lars leased in 1734 and was operator
of farm til 1755 when he gave the property
under the condition that
he could use 1-2 of it as long as he wanted.
- Ola Reidarson
Ulvaråker died 57
years old in 1783. Married to 1. Valborg Olsdatter. Nordhus, Fjelberg, died before 1757. 2. Mari Larsdatter Tjernagel,
north born 1735. Children: a. Johannes
born 1757, married at Tjernagel north. B. Reidar born 1760, married Tveitali. C. Gunvor born
1761 and married at Rød. D. Lars born 1764
died 1796. e
and f. Nils and Alke born 1767. Nils married Åse. Alke married Lokna. G. Ola born
1769 married Eikeland, Moster. H. Mari
born 1775 married Haukås. Mari remarried Anders H. Tjernagel,
Ola leased in 1755 and was operator of
the farm til he died.
He owned part of the forest Sølvrusto
Ola raised 16 cattle and 12 sheep. Planted 5 t. oats and yielded 40 t. There were an unusually high number of
buildings on the farmed in Ola’s time: smokeroom, 2 bedrooms,
(used for baking, brewing and washing), haybarn,
boathouse. Ola owned the house
himself, including the glassroom, horsestall,
blacksmith shop, shack and mill.
- Anders Haldorson Rød
born 1762 died 1817. Married to 1. Mari Larsdatter, widow of the previous owner, Ola Reidarson. Childless. She died in 1805. He
remarried 2. Helga Abrahamsdatter. Lier, west born
1780. Children: Mari
born 1810 married Tjernagel, south. B. Haldor born
1813 married Tjernagel, north. Helga remarried Elias J. Tjernagel,
Anders lived for a few years at Emberland
before he leased the farm in 1786 at Tjernagel,
he was operator of farm until he died.
In 1784 the farm was divided into 2
equal shares, A and B.
FARMERS of A. half farm:
- Elias Johannesson
Åsbu born 1787 died
1866. Married Helga Abrahamsdatter,
widow of previous owner, Anders Haldorson. Childless. Elias
leased in 1820 and was operator of farm til
1851. He raised 1 horse, 9 cattle, and 16
sheep. Planted 4 t. oats, 2 t. potatoes. Yield: 20 t. oats, 12 t. potatoes.
Andersson Tjernagel, north born 1813 died 1903. Married to 1. Aagota
Nonsli born 1822
died 1866. Children: a. Anders born 1851
died 1883. He traveled to America but came
home. Was cared for in a home for leprosy
in Bergen. B. Berta Karine born 1854. c.Ola
born 1856 d. Helga
Marie born 1859 e.
Elias and Anna Marta born 1860, both died in 1861.
g. Elianne born
1862 married Tjernagel, north. Haldor married again to 2. Kristi Helgesdatter. Bua born 1837. Year
of death unknown. Children:
h. Helge Andreas born 1868. i. Kristian born
and died 1869. j. Knut Johan born 1878. In America. K.
Anna Kristine born 1871 married Eltravåg. L. Haldor Olai born 1873.
leased in 1851 and was operator of farm til
1894. He raised 2 horses, 8
cattle, 35 sheep. Planted 1-8 t.
barley, 5 1\2 t. oats, 3 t. potatoes..
the land was divided into
2 equal shares, 3 and 4.
- Knut Mattias
Hansson Vandaskog born 1870 died around
1929. Married Gunvor
Karine Larsdatter. Ulvevne, Ølen, born 1876 died 1942.
Children: a. Hans born 1895 died 1945. b. Lars born 1897. c.
Ingeborg Kristine born 1899
married Sandvik, Eltravåg. D. Malene born
1901. e. Konrad
Gustav born 1903 married Eltravåg. F. Sigurd
Johannes born 1906 died 1927. g. Josefine Amalie born 1908. h.
Knut Mattias born 1910 married Eltravåg
bought the share in 1894 and
was operator of farm til 1909. Moved to Sandvik,
Olson Sæd born 1875 married Gjertrud Nilsdatter
born 1875. Children: Nils Olai born 1903
b. Lars Konrad Meier born 1904. c. Osvald Gustav
born 1905. d. Anna
Marie born 1907. e. Ingeborg
Lorentse born 1911.
bought the share in 1909 and was operator of farm til
- Knut Annaniasson
Grimstveit, bought the share in 1915 and was operator of
farm til 1945. He
separated the land into shares 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, and 13.
- Knut Knutson Grimstveit born 1913 married Dagmar Einarsdatter. Ingebrigtsen born 1921. Children:
a. Aud Marit born 1946 b. Kari Dagny
Knut bought the share in 1945.
++almost half a page
not translated because it is post 1900.
Johannesson Tjernagel, north born 1789 died 1855. Married to Anna Aasmundsdatter. Age unknown. Kids:
a. Johannes, born in Bergen. B. Ole Andreas born 1819
died 1844, fell over board and drowned. C.
Berta Marie born and died 1821. d. Berta Marie born
married Tjernagel south.
E. Anna Marie
born and died 1824. f.
1828 married to Carl M. J. Gothenberg in
America. Haldor Johannesson
Tjernagel remarried 2. Gunhild Paulsdatter.
died at 42 years of age in 1853. No
children. Remarried for a third time 3. Guro Johannesdatter.
in 1814. Kids: g. Haldor
Johan born 1855 married Tjernagel
north. Guro remarried with the man who
would come to
own Tjernagel, Kjæran
K. Tjernagel, north.
came to Slettene
in 1844 and was operator of farm til he
died. There was a haybarn,
cowbarn, and sheepbarn on
Kjæranson Flatnes bought the property in 1874.
SHARE NUMBER 3 ‘Slettene’
was operator of farm til 1876. He
probably moved away.
Johan Haldorson Tjernagel,
north born 1855 died 1886. Married to Gunvor
Marie Reidarsdatter. Åsbu born in
1858 died 1896. Kids: a. Haldor Olai born 1873 in America. B.
Kjæran Olai born
1879, owner after father. C. Reinert Johan born 1881. d.
bought the share in 1876
and was operator of farm til he died. The widow was the operator of farm
after he died as long as she lived.
Tjernagel, north born 1879 died
1950. Married Hanna Hinderli. Kids: Adopted a. Reinert
born 1914 died 1944.
bought the share in 1899
and was operator of farm til 1946.
- omitted # 23 and 24 here
because they are post+1900
north was divided into
2 equal shares, A and B, in 1784.
25. Johannes Olson Tjernagel,
north born 1757 died 1824. Married to Gunhild Haldorsdatter. Rød born
died 1827. Kids: a. Ola born
1786 married Tjernagel, north. B. Barbru
born 1788 married Tjernagel, north. C. Haldor
born 1789 married Tjernagel, north. D. Mari born 1797
died 1798. e. Lars born 1798 married Lio. F. Johannes
born and died 1799. g. Johannes born 1800
married Totland, Bømlo.
Johannes leased the share in 1784 and
was operator of farm til 1813.
Tjernagel, north born
1786 died 1828. Married Barbru Johannesdatter.
Fagerland born 1788. Kids: a. Johannes born 1820 married Tjernagel,
north. B. Alis
born 1822 married Økland. C. Mari born 1823 married Åsbu.
D. Barbru born and died 1826.
e. Ola born and died 1828. Barbru was later married
to Samueal K. Tjernagel,
Ola leased the share in 1813 and was
operator of farm til 1830.
Knutson Mjånes born 1798 died 1861. Married Barbru Johannesdatter, widow after Ola
J. Tjernagel, north. She
died 1866. Kids: a. Oline
born and died 1831.
Samuel leased the share in 1830 and
was operator of farm til 1847. Samuel’s
room was leased together with Johannesson’s. They had other buildings together too,
room and 2 boathouses.
In 1847 the share was divided into 2
equal sizes, later # 1
Tjernagel, north born 1820
died 1869. Married Kristi Jansdatter. Vike
born 1819. Kids:
a. Ola born 1843 died 1844. b. Jan
born 1845 married Tjernagel, north. C. Ola born 1847 died 1869.
d. Johannes born 1851 married Tjernagel,
south. E. Knut born 1854. f. Barbru
1857. g. Kristian
born 1861 died in Greenwich in 1901. h.. Sivert
born 1867, seaman. Kristi
remarried Daniel Tørresson Mjånes.
Johannes was operator of farm at Vika
some years before he moved to Tjernagel,
leased in 1847. He was operator of
farm til he died. He
raised 1 horse, 5 cattle, and 18 sheep. Planted
3 t. oats, 3 t. potatoes.
Tjernagel, north born
1845 died 1917. Married Johanne Tomasdatter. Tjernagel,
north born 1848 died 1914. Kids:
a. Oline born 1869 married Gramshaug. B. Severin
Johan born 1871 married Tjernagel, north. C. Alis
Kristine born 1873 married Slettene, Våge, south. D.
Tomas born 1875 in America. E. Barbru Karoline born
1877. f. Josefine
Johanne born 1800. g. Barbru
Karoline born 1884 died 1888. h. John Kristian
born 1887 in America. i. Bård
Johannes born 1890 died 1965. j. Ingeborg Helene.
Jan leased the share in 1869. He bought it in 1890 and was operator of farm til 1910.
Johan Janson Tjernagel,
north born 1871 died 1955. Married to 1. Ingeborg
Helene Knutsdatter. Økland,
outer born 1878 died 1916. Kids:
a. Josefine Johanne
1901 married Mølstre, south. B. Udna Margrete born 1902 married in Haugesund. C. Barbro
Karoline born 1903 married Tjernagel,
south. D. Severin Johan born 1905 in
America. E. Ingeborg
Helene born 1911 married in Haugesund. F. Tomas Andreas born 1914 married Tjernagel, north. G.
Konrad Bernhard born
and died 1916. Severin
remarried 2. Anna Marie Torkjelsdatter. Haugland born 1874. Childless.
bought the share in 1910 and was operator of farm til
1941. He was a seaman and spent
some time in America.
Andreas Severinson Jansen, Tjernagel, north born
1914. Married to Cecelie
Karoline Nilsdatter. Kinn
born 1911. Childless.
Tomas bought the share in 1941.
SHARE #7 ‘Nordheim’
Divided from #1 in 1916.
Sold in 1938 to Bård
Divided from #1 in 1966.
Sold to Erling Kinn
In 1847 share B was divided into 2
shares, later 1 and 2.
Lio bought the share
in 1847 and was operator of farm til 1860.
Anderson Åsbu born 1831 died 1885. Married to Gunhild
Larsdatter. Lio born 1828
died 1855. Kids: a. Helga Marie
born and died 1855. Ole Andreas
Anderson Åsbu remarried 2. Barbru Larsdatter. Lio born 1839. Uknown when
she died. Kids: a. Johan Andreas
born 1859 married Tjernagel north. B.
Helga Gurine born 1862 married Baltser
M. Olson Vandaskog. C.
Lars born 1865 married Tjernagel
north. D. Reinert Andreas born 1876. e. Bendik Andreas born 1879 in America.
Ole leased the share in 1860 and was
operator of farm til he died.
He raised 1 horse, 5 cattle and 19 sheep. Planted: 1/3 t. barley, 3 t. oats, 3
t. potatoes. He was a shipper.
Lars Olson TJernagel,
north born 1865. Married Ilisabet Serine Haktorsdatter.
1876. Known children: a. Barbru born 1897. b. Ole Andreas born 1898. c. Haktor Johan born 1900.
Lars bought the share in 1896 and was
operator of farm til 1901.
traveled to America where he spent his youth.
bought the share in 1901. He sold
it in 1904.
Sangolt born 1872 died
around 1920. Married 1. Anna
Martine Torkelsdatter born 1874. Children: a. Anna Martine born 1901
married Tjernagel, north.
B. Theodora Marie born 1910 married Bua.
Anders bought the share in 1904 and
was operator of farm til 1920.
*further information on Simon Jakobson Naustvik
and his descendents
becomes post 1900.
SHARE # 6 ‘Tømmerviken’
Andreas Olson Tjernagel, north born 1859
1942. Married 1. Elianne
north born 1862 died 1885. Kids:
a. Anna Karoline born 1884 in
America. 2. Tomine Tomasdatter.
born 1858 died 1910. Kids: b. Olava Berntine born
1888. 3. Aasta
Serine Sjursdatter. Aasbu born 1885 and died
1958. Kids: c. Ole Andreas born
1918 in America.
Johan bought the share in 1895 and was
operator of farm til 1941.
sold it to his son Ole Andreas Tjernagel
*The next 3 SHARE #s
was the cotter’s
farm under Tjernagel, north.
The first man I know of who lived at Tjernagelneset was:
Emberland died at 84
years of age in 1781. Married to
1. Torborg Gunnarsdatter.
Bjelland born around 1699 died
in 1773. Kids: a. Sissela
born 1735 died 1748. b. Gunnar
born 1739. 2. Brita
Larsdatter. Lokna born 1730. Death
year is unknown. Childless.
Daniel lived there til he
died. He planted 2 t. oats and
yielded 8 t. Raised 4 cattle.
He owned the house, including 1 heating
stove, small chamber room, haybarn, cowbarn, blacksmith shop, and boathouse. In 1779 he made an agreement with the
owner that the house should belong to the place.
Nilsson Økland born 1756
died 1800. Married Marta Hansdatter. Kvalvåg
died 1824. Kids: a. Marta
born 1780. b. Mari born 1782. c. Udna
born around 1783 married Tjernagel, north. D. Nils born 1787 married Økland.
E. Hans born around 1788 married Legene, Rygmyr. F. Peder
born 1794. g. Guri
born 1795. h.
Daniel born 1797. Peder had a daughter,
Kari, born in 1775 with Mette Gudmundsdatter. Hovda. Marta was
remarried with Albert P. Brokanes, Tjernagelneset.
In 1796 Peder
decided that his
brother Jon Nilsson Økland would
get the farm,
according to the ‘odelsrett’ (udal
lived first at Økland for a few
years. He came to Tjernagel
in 1786 and
was there til he died.
Albert Pederson Brokanes married the widow of the previous
farm, Peder Nilsson and took over the
1804. He was operator of farm til 1808.
north died at 78 years
of age in 1857. Married to Udna Pedersdatter. Tjernagelneset
born around 1783 died 1868. Kids:
a. Malene born 1808 married Hovda.
B. Peder born 1812 married Tjernagel,
north. C. Lisbet
born 1814 married Strømmen. D. Inger Gurine
born 1817 married Mjånes. E. Tomas born 1819 married Tjernagel,
leased the place in 1808 and
was operator of farm til 1845.
Tjernagelneset born 1819
died 1893. Married to Alis
Sveinsdatter. Økland born 1825 died 1892. Kids: a. Johanne born
1848 married Tjernagel, north. B. Tomine
born 1848. c. Udna
born 1849 died 1850. d. Udna Margrete
born 1851 married Økland. E. Brita
born 1853. f. Anna Dortea born 1855
G. Tomine born 1858 married Tjernagel,
north. H. Inger Malene
1861 married Tjernagel, north. i. Svein born and died 1867.
Tomas leased in 1845.
He bought the place in 1875.
SHARE #5 ‘Neset’
Tomas was operator of farm til he
died. He raised 1 horse, 7 cattle, and 25 sheep. Planted
1/8 t. barley, 3 t. oats, 2
½ t. potatoes.
Daniel Johan Johannesson Tjernagel,
1861 died 1940. Married Inger Malene Tomasdatter. Tjernagel,
north born 1861 died
1928. Kids: a. Tomas born and died in
b. Tomas Andreas born 1895 married Tjernagel,
C. Marta born 1897 married Tjernagel,
Johannes born 1901 died 1912. e.
Agnes Elida born and died 1907.
*The rest of the Tjernagel,
section is post-1900.